Author Archives: Jeff Zalkind

Definitions: Types of Mass Atrocities

https://www.ushmm.org/genocide-prevention/learn-about-genocide-and-other-mass-atrocities/definitions Crimes Against Humanity Crimes against humanity are defined as “any of the following acts when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population.” The acts include murder, extermination, enslavement, deportation, imprisonment, torture, rape (and other gender-based or sex crimes), group-based persecution, enforced disappearance, apartheid, and “other inhumane acts of […]

Burma

https://www.ushmm.org/genocide-prevention/countries/burma After decades of persecution, Burma’s Rohingya minority suffered attacks at the hands of the Burmese military in August 2017 that included mass killing, rape, torture, arson, arbitrary arrest and detention, and forced displacement of more than 700,000 people. These attacks, which are part of a broader campaign of genocide, are documented in our bearing […]

China

https://www.ushmm.org/genocide-prevention/countries/china The Chinese government is systematically persecuting Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities on the basis of their religion and ethnicity. There is a reasonable basis to believe that the government of China is committing crimes against humanity. Learn more about the conflict history and current threats to civilians.

South Sudan

https://www.ushmm.org/genocide-prevention/countries/south-sudan Since gaining independence from Sudan in 2011, the new nation of South Sudan has experienced civil war and mass atrocities against civilians, including widespread sexual violence, murder, and forced displacement. Multiple attempts at peace agreements have been made, and largely stalled. These delays contribute to conflict and violence across the country—violence which sparked warnings […]

Sudan

https://www.ushmm.org/genocide-prevention/countries/sudan Since the mid-20th century, more than 2.5 million Sudanese have been killed in brutal conflicts between the north and south, in Darfur, South Kordofan, Blue Nile, and in other regions. Although the north-south civil war ended in 2005, ultimately leading to South Sudan’s independence in 2011, violence has continued within Sudan and civilians remain […]